Author: Anjali Joglekar
Business models are changing — and rapidly.
Apologies, because you probably knew that.
But it’s happening much faster than we think, whether it is timed to product design shifts or concepts like the Internet of Things, or changed models like servitization. Some have even estimated that a standard enterprise business model changes every 2.5-3 years. The main revenue source may stay the same, but the plan underlying said revenue source shifts essentially every seven quarters.
Primarily a product-driven industry, we see this shift happening in Telco now. As devices become more expensive for an average consumer, telco caters to a built-in audience by way of financing offers. It’s somewhat of a servitization model in its own right: a product (the phone) bolstered by a service (the financing so that you can afford the phone over a period of time).
Financing makes sense as a new revenue stream for telco companies, but it opens up some new challenges too: namely, if you weren’t a lending institution before, how do you make decisions around financing and credit of different consumers? What if they have a non-existent credit history? What then?
The Shift to Data-driven Telco
Read the whitepaper to see how leading telcos are turning to
data for better business.
Here arrives “alternative data.”
1. What is alternative data?
Don’t worry: it’s not like “alternative facts.”
The easiest definition: information that is not found in the files maintained by the three major credit reporting agencies. For example, some elements not kept in major CRA files include:
- Utility information
- Property record information
- Social media footprints
Alternative data is actually a much bigger slice than you might think. Yes, 190 million Americans have a FICO score, and that’s by far the majority. But consider this: 28 million Americans are credit retired, new to credit, or lost access to credit — and 25 million have no credit bureau record. There’s more, too: while 92% of Americans have a cell phone, only 2.5% of consumer credit bureau files have telco information. It’s the same with utilities: 60% of U.S. residents pay utilities, but just 2.4% of files have this information.
Telco, utility, and lease/property information is often highly indicative of credit trustworthiness but just isn’t tracked at the conventional levels.
2. How do you pull alternative data?
Largely through public record data sources, although you can also search people’s social media profiles.
While social media is not as direct a correlation with credit trustworthiness, it can give you an idea of the person’s activities and habits, especially around check-ins. However, as more and more companies embed with Facebook, Twitter, Google, Instagram, et al. concerning immediate purchase (think “Buy Now” buttons), there will be more financial information tied to people’s social media accounts.
This concept is still getting to scale in the U.S., but one of the initial growth areas of alternative data was Indonesia, sometimes considered “the Twitter capital of the world.” There are 78 million active Internet users in Indonesia, with north of 50 million on both Facebook and Twitter. You won’t find that profile information in conventional lending approaches, no; but it’s still highly valuable.
Or is it?
3. Does alternative data work?
Yes. To wit: in one study where auto lenders decided to use alternative data in their decisioning processes, 40% of those rejected via “no-file” and 30% of those rejected via “thin-file” were found to have credit trustworthy scores when you considered these alternative data sources.
Is this a case of “not everyone is on the grid?” Yes, that’s part of it. The other part is that human existence is not stagnant. We’ve done things one way for so long when evaluating credit trustworthiness, but the world has changed dramatically, and we have access to much, much more information. Shouldn’t we be using it to make better decisions?